Tanzania destination is a place with diversity of cultures and great world historical discoveries. The country has many things to explore and learn when we talk about local cultures and the great history of our nation. This country has a number of famous in the world historical sites that provides to the world clear insight into the past and helps the people to learn about the human history. Historical places gives people, a clear picture about our ancient cultures, primitive working tools like Stone tools, and our ancestors art work. You will find good example of the anciet art at the Rock Paintings of Kondoa Irangi Tanzania.
Apart from the famous Kondoa Irangi rock paintings, Tanzania has other attracting for historians as well as other visitors historical places. These include; Kaole ruins, Ismila Stone Age site, Engaruka ruins, Mikindani, Ngorongoro Conservation area, and many other sites within the country. The government of Tanzania is doing all it can to preserve and promote these sites for sustainable use.
Located 75 km north of Dar es Salaam on the coast opposite Zanzibar, this is the formal capital of the German East Africa. It derived the name from the word Bwagamoyo means “here I throw down my heart” reflecting the desperation and despair of the “broken hearted” captives whose voyage into the unknown began here. Bagamoyo has beautiful beaches with beautiful hotels; it is the best ideal for relaxation during the visit to Dar es Salaam, 2 or more nights in Bagamoyo is advised to explore the attractions and swimming along the beach.
WHAT TO SEE IN BAGAMOYO
Relax on the beaches
The town of Bagamoyo offers the best hotels and brilliant beach on the shores of Indian ocean which provide the superb place to relax.
This found about 5 km south of Bagamoyo; at Kaole are the ruins of once prosperous Arab town, which was forced into decline by the arrival of Portuguese in the 15th century. The ruins dating back to the 12th century include 2 mosques, one with a well and over 20 tombs. All the buildings were built in carved coral stone blocks.
Catholic Church and Museum
First built in 1872, and it’s where the body of Dr. Livingstone kept before transferred to Zanzibar then England. 2nd Church built in 1909 – 1914. Old prison A prison where slaves were kept before herded through underground tunnels to waiting dhows at the Harbor, where their journey unknown world began.
It is the memory for the most of the German leaders who passed away during the First World War. Old Boma (British oversees Management Association) Built in 1897 as the British first state house.
Erected in 1867 by French missionaries as thanks and emblem to the Nation. 75 km from Dar es Salaam, a visit or stay to Bagamoyo can be arranged any time according to client wishes,
Day trip can also be arranged.
THE ISLAND OF ZANZIBAR.
Zanzibar evokes dreams of romance and mystery and the reality will not disappoint the traveler bored with mass tourism and seeking an enlightening and enjoyable holiday experience, the name Zanzibar includes the main island and its sister islands Pemba and Mafia. To the shores of Zanzibar came Sumerians, Assyrians, Egyptians, Indians, Phoenicians, Chinese, Persians, Malays, Portuguese, Arabs, Dutch and the British each leaving behind a legacy of their stay. Bantu tribes from the mainland were first inhabitants of the island, but by 700 AD the Indian trade winds had brought Persians and Arabs to its shores, then the intermarriage of the Arabs and the native inhabitants gave birth to a new people and Language of Swahili. Zanzibar achieved independence under Sultan Jamshid bin Abdullah in December 1963 but he was toppled in favor of a Peoples republic a month later. On 26 April 1964 the republic joined Tanganyika to become the United Republic of Tanzania.
WHERE TO VISIT & WHAT TO SEE IN ZANZIBAR
Relax on the beaches
The Island has brilliant white beaches lapped by the warm waters of the Indian ocean provide the perfect place to relax, soak up the sun and take a break from some busy sightseeing. It’s where the azure water s of the Indian Ocean beckon swimmers, divers, fisherman and water sports enthusiasts alike. Breathe in the fra‐ grant scents of cloves, vanilla, cardamom and nutmeg and discover why Zanzibar is called “The Spice Island”.
Explore the forest of Jozani
Located 35 km south east from the city, an area of 10 sq km. with its rare flora and fauna and thick forest with trees over 100 years old, are one of the last remaining sanctuaries of the red Colobus Monkey, or visit some of the ancient, archeological sites.
Changuu or Prison Island
The Island was used to contain awkward slaves and jail which built in 1893 but never used. Today the island’s most famous inhabitants are giant tortoises and popular place for swimming.
Located South of the island where the ruins of Shirazi Mosque is, and part of which dates back nearly 900 years are found. Other ruin includes Kizimbani, Dunga, Chuini, Kidichi and Bungi.
House of Wonders
Built by Sultan Barghash in 1883, and was occupied by British in 1911 when the sultan moved to less pretentious palace, now called the People’s Palace on the other side of the street.
Tippu Tip House
Built for a notorious slave and ivory trader, Hamad Bin Muhammad el Marjab, The site of a former slave pit to be found Nearby in Kelele Square.
Opened in 1925 and is a good starting point for finding out more of the history and culture of Zanzibar.
Scottish explorer lived for 3 month in 1866 gathering suppliers for the expedition which was to turn out as his last.
The old city and cultural heart of Zanzibar’s historic where Sultans once ruled.
Built on the site of a Portuguese church when the Arabs too over the island.
Cathedral Church of Christ
Completed in 1879 on the site of an open slave market.
It includes; Kilwa Kivinje & Kilwa Masoko on the mainland and the offshore island of Kilwa Kisiwani. Kilwa was originally established as a centre for gold trade. Now it is home of the most spectacular ruins on the cost of East Africa. Kilwa Kisiwani and the nearby Songo Mnara Islands contain ruins many dating back to 13th Century. Visiting Kilwa can be included in your Safari to Selous Game reserve.
ISIMILA STONE AGE
About 20 km south of Iringa town; where Stone age tools were discovered in 1951 with many fossilized bones, among them those of a mammal related to the modern giraffe and extinct hippopotamus with unusual periscope like projection. Visiting Isimila can be included in your safari to Ruaha National Park.
It is the museum which contain Skull and the full history of Mkwawa (The Chief who resisted the German) the full history of Iringa Region, the people and why such names were given to the nearby villages. The grave of Mkwawa is found outside the highway to Ruaha National Park. The visit to Kalenga Museum and Mkwawa grave can be included in your safari to Ruaha National park.
A place where prehistoric fossils including the remains of several of the world’s earliest humans have been discovered by Dr Leakey in 17th July 1959, Museum and guided lecture guided tour available. Visiting to Olduvai Gorge can be included in your safari to Ngorongoro Crater and Serengeti.
About 8 km north of Tanga, there are ten limestone caves with chambers up to 13 metres high which support stalactites and stalagmites. Theses caves formed during the Jurassic age, some 150 million years ago, they are most extensive cave system in East Africa. The caves are homes to many bats.
Situated on the coast north of Dar es Salaam, on the river of the same name, it is a delightful village with its Mosque, ancient Arabs Buildings and six-kilometre palm-fringed, sandy bay. The visit to Amboni caves and Pangani can be included with the visit to Saadani National park.
KONDOA IRANGI ROCK PAINTING
Between Dodoma and Arusha, near the village of Kolo are some of the finest examples of Rock paintings in the world. These extraordinary paintings depict the animals and customs of the people at the time. Being there can be included with the safari to Tarangire national park.
Found close to the boarder of Tanzania and Zambia, near the tip Lake Tanganyika. A 215 metres drop makes this one of the highest waterfalls in the world and after Tugela fall in South Africa. It’s a breeding ground of the Marabou stock and some primitive tools have been excavated from Kalambo Gorge. Being to Kalambo can be included in your safari to Kitulo and Katavi National Park.
This is a village 10 miles from Kigoma town; it is one of the Africa’s oldest market villages. It was here that Burton and Speke rested before setting out on Lake Tanganyika and here that Stanley met Livingstone. Being to Ujiji can be included to your safari to Gombe Stream National Park.
It is a site near Lindi (South East of Tanzania), where the remains of a complete dinosaur were found in 1912. This can be arranged and included in your trip to Kilwa.